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Article

Формирование цепочек создания стоимости как инструмент перехода к предпринимательской экономике

Экономика и управление. 2015. № 1 (111). С. 67-70.
Entrepreneurship determines an economy’s path of development. Large companies can evolve from small businesses. Therefore, the types of activities and the sectoral distribution of small businesses are important for further economic growth and its structure.   Aim. The goal of the study is to try to understand why Russia has remained unable to develop an entrepreneurial economy, even as most start-ups are related to the non-manufacturing sector.   Materials. Many countries faced the problem of transitioning to an entrepreneurial economy during the 1980s, which gave rise to a wave of research on this topic. To some extent, the Soviet Union has also faced this problem, but the initial attempts to develop private businesses failed due to political instability as well as the low quality of economic institutions. As a result, Russia’s economy shifted back to growth achieved through big business. However, the crisis of 2008–2009 once again raised the question of changing the country’s model of development. Due to these processes, the author undertook a review of basic academic papers devoted to the entrepreneurial economy.   Results. The author discusses the relevance of these ideas to the current state of Russia’s domestic economy. To this end, the analysis of Russia’s experience of developing entrepreneurship was conducted in the context of a review of foreign academic research on the topic. The main conclusion is that the Russian economy lacks a value-added chain that starts with basic research and ends with the sale of the final products to the end consumer. The analysis concludes that it is significantly important to work on developing value-added chains than on various small business support programs.