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Article

Экосистема культуры: конвергенция моделей финансирования

The artical presents a comparitive analysis of three main aaproaches underlaing the complex of instruments used in different countries to support arts and culture. The approach viewing culture as a patronized good corresponds to naternalistic model of the support for culture, the model implies making compensation of the objectively defiend revenue deficit in cultural instititions with the aid of budgetary allocations. Viewing culture as a factor of human capital development entails investment model to support cultural sector. The investment model means increacing government investment in the humainitarian field to ensure the transition to the  innovation and knowledge-based economy and to sustainable social and economic growth. The third model views culture as core of creative economy and corresponds to the stimulating support model. The stimulating model implies creating conditions for the creative industries development and creative class attraction, providing international competitiveness of the nations and cities in the global economy. The system of the support measures in analyzed for each of these approuches, using Russian and international practoce.