Анатолий Иванович Китов: осень патриарха
The article offers a review of three decades of efforts by A. I. Kitov to prove to the country leadership the necessity to set up in the USSR the automated system of managing socialist economy. They included not only the well-known addresses to Communist party leaders but also two attempts to publish his articles in the ''Kommunist' journal during the years of perestroika. The author offers an interesting historic document, a resolution written by A. I. Kitov of the Coference which took place in Penza in Octoder 1989 ''The Role of Human Factor and the Modern Computers in Enhancing Enterprise Management''. This document was his last public speech dedicated to economy management.
The history of the cybernetics in the USSR is widely described in the memoirs of the direct participants of the events and in the works of historians (see for example). Perhaps the most interesting was the early period – ended in 1955 when the first positive publications on cybernetics appeared in the USSR. There are the polar opinions about the nature of these events. Many problems are still the object of acute disputes. Was the Wiener book available for Soviet scientists? Was it anti-cybernetics campaign at all? If it really was then who were the initiators and what were the consequences? How the rehabilitation of the cybernetics did begin? The answers on all these and some other questions are still determined often not by documented facts but by myths dominated in public awareness. In this work we try to describe shortly the nature of anti-cybernetics campaign of 1950-1955 and to point out to some contradictions and anachronisms in the literature.
Cybernetics and Systems Research (CSR) were developed in the mid-twentieth century, offering the possibility of describing and comparing different phenomena using the same language. The concepts, which originated in CSR have spread to practically all disciplines, many now used within the scientific study of complex systems. CSR has the potential to contribute to the solution of relevant problems, but the path towards this goal is not straightforward. This paper summarizes the ideas presented by the authors during a round table in 2012 on the past, present and future of CSR.
The article analyzes the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and predict the main shifts in the next half a century. On the basis of the analysis of the latest achievements in medicine, bio- and nanotechnologies, robotics, ICT and other technological directions and also on the basis of the opportunities provided by the theory of production revolutions the authors present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted as ‘Cybernetic’. There are given some forecasts about its development in the nearest five decades and up to the end of twenty-first century. It is shown that the development of various self-regulating systems will be the main trend of this revolution. The article gives a detailed analysis of the future breakthroughs in medicine, and also in bio- and nanotechnologies in terms of the development of self-regulating systems with their growing ability to select optimal modes of functioning as well as of other characteristics of the Cybernetic Revolution (resources and energy saving, miniaturization, and individualization).
We are witnessing now a coming closer together of two pedagogical movements – that of media education (media literacy) and that of information literacy, both of them having previously existed parallel to each other, and without actually crossing each other’s path.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables