Роль доверия в становлении и развитии успешных деловых партнерских отношениях
The paper presents the results of a comprehensive research of the role of credence in developing productive business partnership relations in the context of present-day Russian business. The empirical research has gone through three stages. During the first stage struсtured interviews covering basic questions of development and quality of business partnership relations were conducted. Core respondents were experts in business partnership relations who had successful long lasting relations of such kind. At the second stage respondents having a variety of business partnership relations were interviewed. And at the third stage an experiment aimed at revealing contribution of each of the key aspects of successful business partnership relations was carried out. Key aspects contributing to successful business partner-ship relations, from the point of view of respondents, are «credence» and «intercompany profit and loss». In real situation though more effective was intercompany profit and loss factor, with credence factor maintaining partnership relations.
The article presents the results of a study of the role of psychological factors in the formation and development of successful business partnerships in the context of modern Russian business. Objectives of the study were to highlight the major factors of success in business partnerships from the point of view of practitioners, who are subjects of such relationship and have some experience of their implementation. In empirical study experts’ interviews were carried out. We figured out the main indicators which are used for assessment of quality of relationships and predicting the partnership. These included: mutual benefit, trust, presence of the partners' common goals; extension of joint activities; convergence of views and assessments of situations, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each other; affection between partners; satisfaction with the event.
The article discusses the problem of the experimental study of trust in the business partnerships. A brief review of theoretical concepts and empirical research in this area are given. In anticipating stages of the study there were identified two basic criteria for the evaluation of the business partnerships development – «Confidence» and «Derived mutual benefit», which formed the basis of the pilot scheme, implemented on the principle of party dummy. The main conditions varied during the experimental procedure was a combination of these two criteria: the condition 1 – high confidence, low intermediate results of the interaction, condition 2 – low trust, the average intermediate result. The dependent variable was the degree of optimization elasticity of the joint achievement of the forecast results, expressed the value of the «individual rate» naive participant business interactions. The data obtained allowes to conclude that among the two factors that influence the success of the partnership, such as trust and the intermediate result of joint activities (receiving benefits), there is much more potent factor in the actual result of the partnership. However, as has been established, even in the absence of a direct mutual benefit arising can trust, however, maintain partnerships at a time.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.