Energy Technology Foresight 2030 in Russia: An Outlook for Safer and More Efficient Energy Future
Russia is one of the key players at the world's energy markets. The country's plans to further research and innovation in the sector impact the world energy outlook. The paper examines the energy block of the Russian S&T Foresight 2030, developed by experts in 2011-2013 and approved by the Prime minister in January 2014. The official document, which covers six areas, including 'Energy efficiency and energy saving', defines the key science and technology (S&T) areas Russia has to embark upon in order to boost its competitiveness. The energy part of the study covers global challenges, threats, and opportunities for Russia, prospective innovative markets for its products and services. Moreover, Russia's innovative technologies and products are assessed, including the potential demand and competition aspects and benchmarking against global leaders. The paper features major outcomes of the energy block and puts the exercise in a comparative perspective with similar international studies of Kazakhstan, Germany, Canada, the UK, USA and international organizations. The author concludes that in Russia energy efficiency and energy saving priorities dominate the policy agenda, with relatively little attention to advancing renewable energy technologies. The Foresight horizon is also markedly shorter than that of similar studies in the OECD countries. Following international practice, in 2015 Russia plans to perform a new government-led S&T Foresight for the energy sector alone.