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После демографического перехода: дивергенция, конвергенция или разнообразие?

The author analyzes the arguments of critics of the theory of demographic transition. It is shown that the observed differences in demographic processes in different countries are not evidence of the fallacy of this theory. On the contrary, these differences fit well into the general trend of change, predicted by the theory, involving the replacement the balance of high fertility and mortality with the balance of low fertility and mortality. Such differences only show a natural diversity of demographic processes in different countries.