Чемпионы в траншеях. Русский спорт в годы Первой мировой войны
the article deals with the most important aspects of intellectual struggle on the initial period of the First World War. The author reconstructs the logic of reasoning appeared in manifestos of scientists and artists that were issued in Germany, Great Britain and Russia and became an important element of struggle. In addition, the article analyzes Russian religious philosophers debate about the meaning of the war, its goals and objectives. The author postulates in conclusion the importance of intellectual struggle as one of the elements of total conflict.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.