Salary of municipal officials in Russian cities and towns
Abstract—An analysis of the differences in the salaries of municipal officials and employees of large and mediumsized enterprises in 465 major Russian cities and towns in 2009–2011 has been conducted. On aver age, municipal officials earn 30% more than industrial employees; in some cases, twice more. The influence of factors, such as the size of a city or a town (the urban district’s population), the model of local government (the existence of a city manager), the economic welfare (the population’s standard of living), the budget bal ance, the financial independence, the geographical location, and the regional identity, on the level of differences has been studied. The smallest gap between salaries was observed in the Siberian Federal District; the largest one, in the Far Eastern and Southern federal districts. In 2010 and 2011, the gap between the salaries in cities and towns, where the model of local government with a city manager was used, was much larger. A direct dependence between the measures of efficiency of economic development and the level of the gap almost does not exist; on the contrary, in cities and towns with poor population, the gap is larger.