Производственно-предпринимательская деятельность в региональном кластере
The foundations of manufacturing undertaking under the conditions of regional clusters formation.
Within the present investigation we consider social and cultural milieu influence on industrial cluster. First, we considered the field of cluster theory with the use of author’s approach to theoretical analysis. Basing on the analysis mentioned, we described three approaches to industrial clustering which illustrate the factor of social and cultural milieu. Conceptual analysis showed that each identified approach has its own view on the nature of mentioned milieu. However, in the context of social and cultural milieu functions, all the approaches are on the same page. The further step of our investigation showed potential disability of three approaches identified to describe the mechanism of social and cultural milieu influence on industrial cluster because of a number conceptual problems. Within this scope we created our own approach based on integration of system and agglomeration approaches around the concept of territorial identity. The present strategy allowed us to describe the essence of social and cultural milieu on industrial cluster and then to create a mechanism of the influence mentioned. This mechanism laid the foundation for a new methodology of industrial cluster projecting, which takes in account social and cultural milieu factor, making the cluster economically more sustainable.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.