Возможности объединения процессов S&OP и CPFR в рамках полного цикла интегрированного планирования в цепи поставок
Authors demonstrate that arising disbalance of supply and demand generates the set of problems for the business organisation, such as high order periods, loss of clients in case of shortage, high total costs, and low efficiency of industrial lines. Eventually, all this factors essentially influence on achievement of company’s strategic goals and undermine corporate market image. Because of developing of integration and cooperation in supply chains, increasing attention in business organisations is given to technology «joint planning of sales and operations/production» (Sales and Operations Planning – S&OP). Article’s purpose is to analyse, how implementing of S&OP technology will affect on solving of mentioned problems (on the example of «Huhtamaki C.I.S.» company). The meaning of planning of sales and operations is made out as a cycle of meetings (stages) repeating in the same sequence every month and subordinating a making decision process.
Recently the technology «Mutual planning, forecasting and stock replenishment» is attracting more and more attention of logisticians, marketing and strategic management specialists. The basic idea of CPFR consists of combining efforts of contactors within constructed supply chain for satisfying needs of clients by integrating basic marketing and logistic business processes. The aim of the article is to illustrate theoretical aspects of CPFR concept and its practical implementation within supply chain of producing company. In particular, the point of CPFR concept, variants of its appliance, basic advantages and disadvantages are specified. It is shown, that CPFR base is efficient organization of planning and procuring process in chain by optimizing data exchange, inventory positions management with unstable and hardly forecasted demand, establishing cooperation according to worked out standards for excluding bottlenecks and overcoming restraints when satisfying customer expectations. It is shown, how companies may define their goals and select necessary CPFR tools for their attaining.
The course-book can be useful for marketing department employees in operating businesses, who may have no previous professional education in this field, and also for the students of the MBA programs.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management