Передовые практики в логистике и управлении цепями поставок в контексте мировых исследований
In the article it is studied the terminology and clarified the concept of «Best Practice» which means the best business practices in logistics and SCM. It is defined constraints and specific factors of best practices analysis and implementation. Best practices in the field of logistics and SCM in such companies as “Prologis” and “Gartner Research” as well as the project “MIT 2020 Council” and prepared by European Logistics Association project “Best Log” are studied as specific examples.
It is shown that in the "Rating of Top 25" companies Gartner Research, the world's best supply chain in 2014, has identified four key trends: a return to business growth after the economic crisis, a focus on the supply chain flexibility increase, a supply chains simplification via standardization of the manufactured products and provided services and an implementation of “multi-local” operational strategies. Analysis of the «Best Log» project shows that advanced logistics practice focuses on simultaneous representation and integration of social, environmental and economic principles that will positively impact not only on the environment and society, but also on economic performance in the long-run time period.
It is proved that the focus on “best practices” allows companies to develop sustainable supply chains, increase market share, build a trusting relationship of focus company with customers and suppliers in supply chains, differentiate its own brand and optimize logistics solutions.
This article is devoted to the control environment in the context of the internal control system of the enterprise. The author defines the system of internal control, describes internal control elements. There is a detailed description of the elements of the control environment of the enterprise in the article. This article also contains information how to make control environment assessment.
Small business is presented as an example where controlling without management exists. The results of a poll are presented that was targeted at revealing attitude of small businesses towards controlling and the related concepts. A number of suggestions on tools, that foster usage of controlling in small business is presented.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
The authors propose new approach to self-organization of complex distributed systems in logistics. That approach is based on combination of multi-agent paradigm with constraint satisfaction techniques. The proposed solution expresses major features of Swarm Intelligence approach and replaces traditional stochastic adaptation of the swarm of the autonomous agents by constraint-driven adaptation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management