Новые возможности формализации предпочтений ЛПР при выборе решений по многим критериям в логистике
For problems of a choice of the best decision at management of purchases by many criteria, the illustration of phenomena of inadequate optimization in a format of traditional methods is given. Necessity of working out of new approaches to optimization is underlined to give the chance to the manager to eliminate such phenomena.
The report examines the problems of managing return flows, taking into account the modern requirements of urban ecosystems and the companies’ de-velopment strategies. Various approaches to multicriteria optimization of the config-uration of the return flow logistics network to find a balance between economic effi-ciency and sustainability of a city are discussed
The purpose of the work is to draw attention to the possibility of improving quality making decisions related to the optimization of transport provision of supplies, if they are accepted according to many criteria, and in the conditions of transition to modern digital technologies. Situations are discussed when the format of tasks optimization can cause the impact of a number of undesirable phenomena inadequate choice. Approaches are considered that allow to eliminate the following phenomena: 1) inconsistency of optimization directions for partial criteria; 2) inconsistency in the nature of their indicators; 3) inconsistency order of values of estimates of partial criteria; 4) inconsistency in their format views (e.g., annual figures, figures per shipment, per unit of goods). It is proposed to use the synthesis of procedures in such situations traditional selection criteria with analytical hierarchy processes.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
In this research, which is important for the applications of logistics and supply chain operation, task of choosing a vehicle is considered as the multicriteria optimization problem. On the example of a simplified model of the car choice it is shown that in solving this type of problems by the traditional methods of the multicriteria optimization theory, managers always need to consider the specifics descibed in the paper.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management