О справедливом балансе интересов сторон в потребительском кредитовании
Fair balance of interests in consumer credits
In the article the provisions of new Russian Federation Federal Consumer Credits Act taken into force since 1st of July 2014 are analysed. Positives of the Act are underlined especially in the sphere of restriction of maximum level of interest and penalties. At the same time sometimes a new law doesn’t always provide fair balance between interests of creditor’s and borrower’s. Author offers more than 20 suggestions on the further improvement of his regulations. Appropriate adjustments to the provisions of the law will provide not only a proper balance, but also more effective redistribution and use of monetary savings in the economy and afterwards to be a base for international rules of consumer credits.
The article examines the role of the "green" shareholders in the formation of the company's responsible corporate policy. The article defines the main effects of the activities of the "green" investors, highlights their non-financial gains. Based on the analysis of French "green" investment funds and the "green" investors activities, the development of ethical economy in Russia is forecasted, where the role of a catalyst is to be taken over by the state, as it has been done in France.
интеграционные процессы на финансовых рынках, эффект перетекания волатильности, динамическая корреляция рядов доходности
Econophysics is a relatively new discipline. It is one of the most interesting and promising trends in modeling complex economic systems such as financial markets. In this paper we use the approach of econophysics to explain various mechanisms of price formation in the stock market. We study a model, which was proposed by Jean-Philippe Bouchaud and Dietrich Stauffer (Bouchaud 2002; Chang et al. 2002; Stauffer 2001; Stauffer and Sornette 1990), and used to describe the agents’ cooperation in the market. The most important point of this research is the calibration of the model, using real market conditions to proof the model’s possibility of setting out a real market pricing process
New approaches of the Russian legislation and case-law of Russian supreme courts in financial services
The article analyzes the new Russian parliamentary law and judiciary approaches by the Supreme Court, the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation relating to bank lending. The author criticizes a number of new relevant courts decisions of this category, proving the invalidity of arguments of some of them. Also, the author argues the fallacy of the sharp differences in the approaches to the courts to assessment of legitimacy of separate contractual conditions of credit agreements between business and consumer loans.
Writing the paper on the eve of the G20 summit in Cannes, the author expressed a view that except for French President Sarkozy, no one should be surprised by a disappointing outcome in Cannes. More importantly the author argues that this does not mean that the world economy will not be rebalanced just because the G-20 did not ordain the solution. Unsustainable imbalances will eventually be adjusted by economic forces. Refraining from meaningful and urgent collective action, the G-20 leaders choose to let the world rebalance itself more chaotically, with the inevitable result of making things harder for each other. This is not a collective leadership but a joint abdication of responsibility. To prove its usefulness, the G-20 must do more than help old and emerging economic powers agree to disagree. The paper asserts that if the G20 fails the test, it is only a matter of time when the new creditors will see it as in their individual interests to make common cause either to reform existing institutions or to create new ones free of the dominance of the debtor countries. The author concludes that we can only hope that a new grouping of major creditors arrives as the successor to the G-20 in time to avert a replay of the 1930s. The publication is prepared within the framework of a joint project of Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) Project and International Organizations Research Institute of the NRU HSE "Increasing Effectiveness of Russia's Participation in G8, G20 and BRICS in accordance with Russian Priorities and National Interests".
In the course of recent ten years algorithms and technologies for network structures analysis have been applied to financial markets among other approaches. The first step of such an analysis is to describe the considered financial market via the correlation matrix of stocks prices over a certain period of time. The second step is to build a graph in which vertices represent stocks and edge weights represent correlation coefficients between the corresponding stocks. In this paper we suggest a new method of analyzing stock markets based on dividing a market into several substructures (called stars) in which all stocks are strongly correlated with a leading (central, median) stock. The method is based on the p-median model a feasible solution to which is represented by a collection of stars. Our method is able to find an exact solution for relatively small-sized markets (less than 1000 stocks) and a high-quality solution for large-sized (many thousands of stocks) markets. We observed an important ``median nesting" property of returned solutions: the p leading stocks, or medians, of the stars are repeated in the solution for p+1 stars.
Increasing volatility on financial markets, uncertainty about Greece's debt restructuring and economic slowdown, and currency depreciation in the CIS region have put growth prospects in Poland and Latvia at risk. However, Poland has more flexibility to respond to these challenges, as it has an independent monetary policy and weaker links with the CIS.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.