Стала ли история социальной наукой: энергичные объятия сциентизма
In modern Academia, history is occasionally classified as a social science. My aim is to demonstrate why history has not become a real social science, although in 1960-80s historians who represented the most advanced trends within the discipline aspired to this. Two faced status of history is problematized as a conflict between theory and method when historians adopt the theories of social sciences. Although historians have sought theoretical renewal by turning to the theories of various social sciences, they rarely could use techniques and ways of cognition that represent normally used by sociologists, psychologists or anthropologists – psychometric testing, sociometric monitoring, ethnographic description, in-depth interview, long-term observation. What does happen if a historian bases his/her research on a theory developed for another discipline, which has other ways of working with subjects in the present? Examples from a number of historical sub-disciplines could be offered to answer this question.