Модернизация формы российского государства в начале XX века: дискуссия о правовом содержании и значении конституционной реформы
In this study we compare ethical values of Russian law students and professional lawyers. We focus on the problem of choosing between personal benefits and professional responsibility, as well as on the transformations of ethical values between university and the bar. In two studies using a single methodology we have surveyed 282 law student in three Russian universities and 372 lawyer from 9 regions of Russia. At the moment this is the only study in Russia, which allows us to compare the views of law students and professional lawyers, and find out at what point the idea about dominance of personal benefit over professional responsibility established. We conclude that the reasons for the differences in professional ethics are rooted in the system of legal education.
The article provides an incisive account of the Russian Constitution of 1993, showing how the main constitutional principles were elaborated, adopted and transformed in Russian society over the last two decades of legal development. On the basis of a cognitive approach, the author traces the different attitudes to constitutionalism in political thought, institutional design and political practice, examining how the unstable balance between liberal democracy and authoritarianism has shifted. Quoting contemporary documents, the author makes a panoramic reconstruction of the main constitutional strategies, perspective legal amendments and proposed technologies of their implementation in the future.
The article is devoted to the problems of by-law making activity in the Russian Empire in XIX century. The accent is made on identification of particular forms of published ministerial executive rules. The status of these by-law forms is considered to be determined by the Tsar's will and the ministry authorities according to the juridical characteristics, goals etc.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/