Обоснование инвестиций в информационные технологии на основе дерева бизнес-драйверов
Since 2003, by decision of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, « Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia» are included in the «List of leading scientific journals and publications» produced in the Russian Federation in which basic scientific results of dissertations for the degree of doctor and candidate of sciences should be published.
This paper analyzes the Internet segment of the Russian venture market; specifically, its development in the framework of overall venture market, venture deals, stages of venture financing, and startup lifecycle. This research project is focused on different barriers that startups face as they proceed along the lifecycle and the possible support of the business ecosystem. Theoretical constructs are verified with data from the Russian Internet venture market. Field research explores the obstacles faced by Internet startup founders during each stage, which may represent opportunities for the startup support in order to increase the startup survival rate. According to the data provided by CB Insights Venture database, the global venture market accounted for $82.1 billion in the first half of 2014, which represents 67 percent growth, compared to the first half of 2013 (see Figure 7.1). The US market accounted for most of this volume (64 percent), while the BRICS are getting increased investors’ attention, especially China and India – with their shares of the global venture market increasing from 4 percent and 3 percent in the second half of 2013 to 7 percent and 4 percent in the first half of 2014, respectively.
This document presents results of non-quantitative observations application and their processing methods, which significantly widen the analytical capabilities of the statistical measurement of the Russian IT market. The need to expand statistical tools that allow to reflect current and future trends in the sectoral development of IT sphere in a fast and visible manner, due to the rapid character of penetration of these services into the Russian market, is argued in the paper.
With the help of business climate indicators and construction of different homogeneous behavior models, analysis of business trends in the financial and economic activities of IT organizations is presented, highlighting the specifics of them functioning within the various cyclic episodes of 2010-2017.
This article is devoted to the questions relevant to the notion “investment”, the special features of the investment.
There is an attempt to consider this difficult and ambiguous phenomenon from the point of view of economic and legal doctrines in article. The attempt is allowed to investigate complex the content and essence of this phenomenon, to show its economic and legal features.
These investment features are made to set up correlation and distinguish between the notion «investment» and similar phenomena.
In addition, there are the author's definitions of the notions “investments.” For example, author propose to define the “investments” the economic point of view as - it is the capital, which has special purpose (to gain the benefits), and the “investment process”- it is the placement process of the capital, which has special purpose (to gain the benefits).
The «investments» as legal point of view is a benefit or set of the benefits which are put in objects of business and (or) other activity for receiving profit and (or) achievement of other social effect.
National Research University – Higher School of Economics (Moscow) and author has been researching the leasing market of Russia for 18 years. Particular attention in the article presents the dynamics that characterizes the development of market in the country by value of new contracts, the largest leasing portfolios, calculated author of segmental structure of the leasing market and regional structure. This article presents the results of the econometric analysis of the relationship of the value of new contracts with the amount of advances, terms of contracts and lease rate per cent. Exploring the structure of financing of leasing operations, the author has developed a new approach to determining leverage leasing projects.
Beer was the drink of choice in many ancient societies and throughout the past centuries in large parts of the world. Right now, it is globally by far the most important alcoholic drink, in volume and value terms. The largest brewing companies have developed into global multinationals. The beer market is characterized by strong growth in emerging economies, by a substantial decline of (per capita) beer consumption in traditional markets, and a shift to new products. There has been a strong interaction between governments (politics) and markets (economics) in the beer industry. For centuries, taxes on beer or its raw materials were a major source of tax revenue for governments. Governments have also regulated the beer industry for reasons related to quality, health, and competition. The beer market is not only an interesting sector to study in itself but also yields important general economic insights. This book is the first economic analysis of the beer market and brewing industry. It comprises a comprehensive and unique set of economic research and analysis on the economics of beer and brewing. The various chapters cover economic history and development, demand and supply, trade and investment, geography and scale economies, technology and innovation, health and nutrition, quantity and quality, industrial organization and competition, taxation and regulation, and regional beer market developments.
The study presented in the article is devoted to topical problems of the Russian venture capital market. Despite the fact that this area has good funding from the state and the presence of large development institutions, today it can not be called successful. The authors aim was to characterize the current state of the venture market in Russia, identifying the most important problems, and form recommendations for overcoming these problems. It was accomplished by taking in-depth interviews with leading experts in the field – representatives of investment and venture funds, state development institutions and business angels. Obtain expert evaluation allowed the authors to form a holistic view about the current situation on the venture capital market, as well as to identify the possible ways of its further development.
IT Platform Choice Taking Into Account Economic Characteristics
IT Platform Choice Taking Into Account Economic Characteristics
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.