«Надеть на себя ошейник с электрическим током»: молодые сотрудники «новых» и «старых» культурных институций на рабочей месте
A number of papers devoted to creative economy indicated cultural institutions as a specific type of production with hidden behind an attractive bohemian lifestyle inequalities and exploitation. This discussion describes mostly the situation in Western Europe and excludes the post-Soviet context . The focus of this paper is to consider the organization of creative labor in the Russian context. This paper examines two types of cultural institutions that dominate the cultural scene of the St. Petersburg early 2010's: the "old" (state, former state or having sustained support of the state budget) and the "new" ones, which include primarily appeared in the last decade lofts, creative space and other initiatives funded by private means or without substantial funding. In particular, through the prism of everyday working routine of young cultural workers, these institutions will be interpreted possible career path, the key elements of cultural production and the typical operating mode.
In the space of topical stereotypes Saint-Petersburg obtains such naming as «cultural capital», «city of museums», «brilliant Imperial city». However, in the light of the changing economic, social, cultural reality the conservation of this kind of «brand» is a losing strategy. The article provides guidelines and historical-social analyses of such phenomena of modern cultural life of the city as creative clusters, various festivals of the international level. From the point of view of social inclusion such spaces and activities are to implement creative aspirations of citizens, that is valuable to the cultural life of the city: the economic component of this situation allows as to speak about various kinds of financial investments in the cultural sphere, as well as on the development of the tourism industry, different from the traditional «excursion» form. For the « creative industry» stipulates the status of the dominant and the determinant of innovation development of the urban space.
Main challenges and problems of functioning institutions of cultural heritage and the creative industries are described in the paper. Factors that promote and prevent following cooperation, as well as the main directions of cooperation, are defined on the basis of analysis of expert opinions obtained during the survey in 2012 in St. Petersburg.
This collection of articles contains reports and heads of reports to the Internetional Conference "Modern Models of Cultural Industries Development in Russian Regions", that was held in Saint-Petersburg on 9-10 October 2014 with the support of Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation.
The aim of this article is to study an influence of various cultural festivals in St. Petersburg on development of the creative industries in the city. The definition of prospects of the development of culture of «Russia’s Northern Capital» demands the analysis of an existing scientific and administrative discourse concerning interaction in a city on Neva the rich cultural heritage and new creative industries. The situation of St. Petersburg as а large European cultural center and one of the important cities of the Russian Federation allows to define prospects of its development as «creative city». It includes also the analysis of cultural, social and economic consequences of the development of festival movement.
The aim of the study is to examine the various forms of interaction between cultural heritage and creative industries to support the development of various types of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg. The study was based on a model, which provides several types of partnership cultural heritage (CH) could have with the creative industries (CI): CH as a “decoration” for the CI, as “content”, as a “brand”, as the creator of the needs. Authors’ classification of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg is described, including clusters of cultural heritage, ethnic cultural clusters, the mass-cultural (consumer-oriented) cultural clusters, art - incubators. One of the main findings is the low willingness of many public cultural institutions to have any form of interaction with the creative industries. The second group of findings concerned the ability to attract creative industries to provide services for residents of St. Petersburg in cooperation with public institutions of culture.
The aim of the study is to analyze the role of the new creative industries for the regional development of the cultural heritage. It is particularly concerned with the definition of the city space. The research focuses on the modern ways of not only conservation, but rather analysis, interpretation and consumption of various cultural products. This paper includes investigation of economic, political, social and cultural consequences of the interaction between different cultural establishments. The author of this article researches the creative industries with the examples of the creative clusters and the creative projects in comparison with traditional cultural institutions. In general this paper provides evidence for the positive cultural and social changes in the region by reason ot the development the creative industries in St. Petersburg
This article discusses approaches to government support for creative industries. It indicates special aspects of business development in the sphere of culture, describes the tendencies of the creative industries market in Russia. To assess the relevance and efficiency of government support measures, the author focused on the concept of the industry’s life cycle. Recommendations on the comprehensive government support for the sector on the example of Moscow.
This book is a collection of the most recent research om the Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs). All of the contributions are written by pioneers within their own fields and all have an international orientation. The book was the basis of discussions at the international research conference in Antwerp that was held on 22-23 May 2014, the third conference on the Cultural and Creative Industries that the University of antwerp, the Antwerp Management School and the HKU University of the Arts Utrecht organized together (Annick Schramme)
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.