Eco-evo-devo-perspective: новые возможности междисциплинарного синтеза знания
Studies in the field of evolutionary epistemology, conducted by followers of Konrad Lorenz at the Institute for Evolution and cognition in Altenberg situated not far from Vienna, go on nowadays. The modern trend is the search of ways of integration of the approach to understanding of evolution of biological species, of the approach to study of the individual development of living organisms and of the ecological approach, which begins to be successfully applied very wide not only in natural sciences but also in the humanities and social sciences. This trend has got a new name of eco-evo-devo-perspective. On the basis of K. Lorenz ethology and of his successors, cognitive biology is now under development. Cognitive biology embodies the convergence of cognitive sciences, life sciences and complexity studies. As a basis for it, some attitudes proposed by the Austrian biologist Paul Alfred Weiss (1898-1989) and the Austrian founder of the general system theory Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972) are accepted. These scholars introduced the very term “theoretical biology”. The theoretical biology in its modern scientific context represents comprehensive, cross-disciplinary integration of concepts. The theoretical biology involves studies in genetic components of changes, of evolution and development, i.e. studies of interconnection between evolution and development, between phylogenesis and ontogenesis. The theoretical biology includes all modern theoretical approaches, namely computational biology, biosemiotics, cognitive studies, naturalistic shifts in philosophy of science and in epistemology.