Expected learning outcomes have changed following the adoption of the new Federal State Educational Standards of General Education. New organizational forms, teaching methods and tools are required to achieve the new learning outcomes, which affects functionality of conventional learning aids, school textbooks in particular. New interrelation mechanisms are being developed between the textbook and the other components of learning environment, transforming the textbook from the “communicator of ready-to-consume knowledge” into a “navigator for independent learning”. Under such circumstances, it is important to evaluate teachers’ attitudes towards the textbooks used, their perception of the changing role of textbooks in the learning process, and their satisfaction with textbook content, namely the methodological apparatus and its potential for achieving the new learning outcomes.
This article presents the results of a survey assessing school teachers’ perceptions of the system of learning tasks in some widely assigned social theory textbooks from the series edited by Leonid Bogolyubov, Anatoly Nikitin and Tatyana Nikitina, Gennady Bordovsky, and Yevgeniya Korolkova. The survey covered thirteen regions of the Russian Federation: Moscow Oblast, Voronezh, Tambov, Bryansk, Tver, Smolensk, Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, Rostov-on-Don, Volgograd, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, and Saransk. The interview questionnaire included six themed modules: target audience profile analysis, teachers’ usage of different textbooks, the role of social theory textbooks in the learning process, textbook influence on the achievement of the new learning outcomes (formation of key 21st century competencies), teachers’ assessment of teaching guidebooks, and availability of social theory teaching packages in schools.
The article only explores the findings obtained for one questionnaire module, which explored how the methodological apparatus of social theory textbooks affected the creation of conditions for achieving metadisciplinary learning outcomes by school students, and offers recommendations on improving this apparatus.
In this article, authors analyze patterns of parental involvement in children’s schooling basing on the data of Monitoring of education markets and organizations completed in 2016. Authors argue that the involvement in children’s schooling is highly differentiated and suggest five types of it: regents, facilitators, sponsors, inspectors and invisibles. These types of parental involvement represented unequally depending on the socio-economic background of the family and children’s progress at school, plans for educational attainment and engagement in extracurricular activities.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.