О развитии банковского надзора на основе международных принципов
After the recent financial crisis in many countries there was a noticeable reinterpretation of the supervision and its role in improving of reliability and efficiency of financial intermediaries. Before that was the introduction of the basic principles of supervision, but now the main attention is given to the quality of supervision and enhancing its role in prevention of crisis situations. Transition from formal to meaningful supervision is possible only when the particularities of banks’ functioning in specific country are considered. This article suggests the ways of improving the supervision and regulation of Russian banks taken into account the level of banks’ capitalization and the specific risks of their activities (in parts of prudential requirements).
The paper presents a review of stochastic framework for term structure modeling and shows comparative advantages of commonly used techniques. The main application of the research is coherent modeling of credit and interest rate risk for Euro zone issuers.
In textbook the main issues connected with organization of credit analysis in a commercial bank were considered. The role of credit analysis in risk management system is shown. The methodology and specific methods for assessing the creditworthiness of borrowers used by banks are set out by complex approach. The textbook includes international recommendations for introduction of internal credit risk assessment systems in banks. With the aim at presenting the material examples from the practice of commercial banks, analytical tables, diagrams and figures were used.
The aim of the article is to model dynamics of risks and assess the cyclical effect of Basel II in the Russian banking system.
The monograph deals with the issues of macroprudential policy that is organically linked to the system of international banking regulation. The author looks into interrelationship between macro- and micro-prudential regulatory mechanisms, explores the role of macroprudential regulation in minimization of systemic risks, as well as the extent to which the effectiveness of macroprudential tools and techniques will help ensure stress resilience of the banking sector. The author also delves into the most disputable topics on the tradeoff between macroprudential regulation and monetary policy. Without doubt the monograph is a landmark book that expands the most complex topic of macroprudential policy in the post-crisis recovery, as well as the specifics of macroprudential regulation in the post-crisis banking regulation paradigm shift.
The algorithm for finding the required equity capital for the insurance company is the basis of the Solvency II Directive of the European Union. Russia's accession to the WTO and the increase in individual companies of the financial stability and solvency at the expense of investment deals shows the relevance of the study. The purpose is to identify the degree of compliance with the requirements of Solvency II of the financial stability and solvency of Russian insurance company. To do this: first, describe the methodology of the Directive with a focus on the main characteristics and problems associated with the use in the Russian context; secondly, to justify the choice of a Russian insurance company; third, to apply the described method to the selected company.
The originality of this article is to assess risks on the example of Russian insurer with the application of the Solvency II methodology used for European insurers. The result can be considered, the resolution of disputes about the appropriateness of applying the requirements of the algorithm Solvency II to Russian insurance companies, their competitiveness, and the need for the use of risk management in insurance companies of Russia.
The paper considers the financial choice of entrepreneurs at their initial stage of development as a key criterion of a new firm potential riskiness. The main objective of the research is the methodology elaboration aimed at the numerical estimation of the role of informal financial resources involved in the small business creation. Two fundamental considerations have been tested. The former implies that informal investment is a substitution for unavailable formal sources, including venture capital (because of the lack of essential networks and connections with business associations). The latter performs the opposite concept of negative effects: economic reasoning discouragement and inefficient resources allocation. A special technique is introduced in order to measure the credit quality of early entrepreneurial activity and to estimate its contingency with the financial strategy. The methodology validation is realised under Global Entrepreneurship Monitor conceptual framework. The results are received for 42 countries in 2006-2007, depicting the influence of informal support on potential losses under the second consideration. As a result, informal investments are inefficient when the concentration of credit risk in the economy is rather high. Investorsђ expectations about the entrepreneurial growth of the firm are pessimistic, anticipated returns on investments are too low to be economically reasonable. The outcome leads to the irrecoverable losses, both financial (short-received profitability) and nonfinancial (decreased output, the lack of innovativeness, flexibility, and inventiveness).
The paper aims at finding the most accurate VaR model for the four most liquid Russian stocks. Among the possible VaR modeling techniques, the estimates considered in this work are based on GARCH models with six different distributions. A back testing analysis is performed to evaluate the accuracy of the alternative models and to find the worst predictable period in terms of the volatility behavior.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.