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Article

Авторитарная модернизация наоборот: Влияние трудовой реформы 2000-2001 годов на политический режим в России

The article explores the relation between the labour reform conducted in Russia in 2000-2001, and the subsequent transformation of Russian political regime. It tests the authoritarian modernization argument which posits that the more comfortable conditions of autocracy would often allow the government to pursue unpopular reforms, and shows that the sequence may as well be reverse. When the reform is pursued in a relatively democratic setting, as it faces the hurdles of democratic decision making, the government devises tactical steps to overcome them. When (and if) it succeeds those tactical efforts may as well have somewhat changed the political landscape, and thus have created a potential for future autocratization. The article shows that through a detailed case-study of the way the new Labour code was adopted in Russia in 2001.