Концепция морали: от абсолютизма к локальным системам
The paper discusses the causes of emergence and persistence of moral absolutism as an influential ethical and metаethical theory. The author claims that oversimplification of moral problems is closely related to their individualistic interpretations, which means that subject’s ethical choice may be analyzed apart from its social and naturalistic context. The article suggests the concept of local moral systems as a means to overcome moral absolutism. This concept denies existence of any distinct and unified moral entity and proposes existences of parallel and not necessarily correlated processes aimed at forming multileveled socio-biological regulations of behavior of members of some groups of individuals.