Еще раз о детерминантах в связи с новой типологией языков
The monograph presents a scientific and theoretical edition and devoted to the problem of polysemy with a cognitive-semantic context, in particular, complex, not single metaphors and their cognitive heuristic function. The study is based on further development and elaboration of the theory of custody schemes of J. Lakoff and M. Johnson, and considers a metaphor as a tool for systemic understanding of deep conceptual spheres, giving the structural cohesion to the human experience. Cognitive approach to the scientific study assumes that the entire role in the formation of language values belongs to the person as a participant of communication, the observer and the media of knowledge and some experience.
The article is implemented within the cognitive approach and is dedicated to the formation of a substantive core of the polysemantic verb, particularly of the verb of relations in the modern English. The first part of the article presents points of view on the semantic nature - "content plan" - of the word. In the second part of the paper the authors identify the main cognitive mechanisms underlying the formation of meanings of the verb compose, as well as its substantial core that combines all the lexical-semantic variants of a this verb.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.