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Article

Welchen Status hat thâr im altsächsischen und althochdeutschen Relativatz?

Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie. 2013. Vol. 132. No. 3. P. 383-399.

This article analyses the semantics and syntactic behaviour of the Old High German and Old Saxon pronominal adverb thâr (“there”), the morphological status of which is often equated with the status of the West Germanic relative particle *þe in relative clauses. OS thâr has a syntactic autonomy and a consistent deictic role in the opposition with hêr (“here”), whereas OHG thâr shows a partial loss of its deictic role in relative clauses, a growing syntactic dependence and the formation of a complex structure in conjunction with the relative pronoun. These changes are interpreted as a change from a discourse element to a sentence element and as the beginnings of grammaticalisation in the direction ‘main word’ > ‘auxiliary word’.