Сиротство в России
The article contains a detailed overview of the legislation and regulation of the sphere of revealing, placement and care for orphans in Russia. It provides the analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of child abandonment / orphanhood as well as of the indicators of the efficiency of prevention of child abandonment. Finally, it describes the system of public support for orphans and their host families.
This article overviews various approaches to the work with children placed out of parental care in the countries of Northern, Western and Southern Europe. Authors study carefully three main issues. Firstly, we review mechanisms of dealing with biological families in crisis situations. Secondly, we consider order of placing children out of biological families into foster care. Finally, we examine practices of reuniting families if they are supported. Cross-country comparisons show that no universal solutions can be found in this sphere. Within every region a conceptually unified system of work with children and families has different priorities on each level. Nevertheless some foster care practices of the developed countries can be adopted in Russian framework
The article substantiates the feasibility of assessing the effectiveness of measures for the prevention and overcoming of social orphanhood and the method of estimating the efficiency of the proposed indicators. Analyzes the logic of writing programs for the prevention and overcoming of social orphanhood.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
Materials of the interregional scientific practical conference races offers modern challenges in the field of support of children-orphans and children left without parental care. The book presents the experience resistance's driving this category of children and persons from among the Belgorod, Vladimir Mirsky, Vologda, Kaluga, Kostroma, Ryazan, Sakhalin, Smolen tion, Tomsk, Tula, Ulyanovsk, Yaroslavl regions and the city Moscow. The authors of the articles analyze the different aspects of the organization of prevention is key, and the overcoming of social orphanhood: implementation of the system approach, the main directions of activities, assessment of the efficacy of measures, the development of legislation and other issues of returns foster children from foster families, institutions for children-orphans and children left without parental care, in support of the pupils. Special attention is paid postinternational support graduates. The edition is addressed to top managers and specialists of the bodies and institutions involved in the process of support of orphans, authorized on the rights of the child in subjects of the Russian Federation, scientists, experts and practitioners in the field of social orphanhood and other stakeholders.
The paper provides regression analysis of data on registration of orphans in Russian regions in 1999–2006. The purpose of analysis is to understand what factors — cultural, economic, political and, maybe, some else — influence the quantity of orphans yearly recorded in Russian regions. The analysis confirms hypotheses about significant influence of cultural and political factors on the acuity of orphanhood problem in Russian regions. The impact of economic factors on the acuity of orphanhood problem in Russia is ambiguous.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.