Межрегиональные различия в решении задачи повышения заработной платы педагогических работников
The paper provides an overview of studies dedicated to correlations between school teacher salaries and regional economics and to the local factors affecting the size of teacher salaries. The paper describes the basic teacher pay indicators in the regions: absolute salary, teacher pay level as compared to the average regional salary, ratio of salary to the average consumer bsket and to the per capita gross regional product. Based on the calculations performed using open databases of governmental authorities, a classification of regions by teacher pay levels was developed, providing seven clusters of regions. For each of the clusters, we have elaborated recommendations on teacher remuneration, identifying typical risks and challenges. These recommendations are designed to improve efficiency of activities that are part of the education policy by way of differentiating federal assistance. The conclusion is that, apart from the index of teacher pay level as compared to the average regional salary, which is the benchmark of governmental programs, one should also consider the ratios of salary to the average consumer basket and to the per capita gross regional product.
Collection of reports made at the session of the section «Methods of teaching of art Pushkin» of the International scientific conference «A.S. Pushkin and world culture». It consisted of scientific communications (E.S. Abelyuk, etc.), methodological developments (S.V. Ivanova, etc.), description of principles of the lesson (I.I. Shelapina, etc.).
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article analyses the differences in demographic dynamics for settlements and areas of different types viewed from the perspective of the center-periphery conception. The author veries the hypothesis that in modern conditions the concentration of the population increases in regional centers and adjacent areas, the regional dynamics of the population in certain administrative and territory units is as strong as the interregional one. The periphery territories of different regions have fewer differences compared with regional centers. This factor forms the interregional socioeconomic differentiation. The article also provides the dynamics of the
population in cities, towns and rural areas depending on their remoteness from the regional center.
The book contains abstracts of papers presented at the Third Saburov reading. Most of them develop ideas and topics specifically related to the life and works of Eugene F. Saburov (1946-2009) - statesman, reformer, a prominent organizer of education, writer and poet. Like the preceding Saburov readings, in a statement reflected the problems of innovation and reform in the Russian society. A prominent place is given to the results and prospects of the reform of education are analyzed its regional aspects, financial and economic mechanisms.
This article aims at discussing general trends and outcomes of the general education system reform in Russia. It focuses on the National priority project "Education" that started in Russia in 2005 and in 2007 - 2009 it included realization of a support programme for regional complex modernization projects in 31 regions of Russian Federation. We analyze the outcomes of introduction of new economic mechanisms in the regions and primarily, the introduction of a new wage and compensation system aimed at increasing teachers' well-being and quality of their work; and transition to per capita financing standard. Then we make an assessment of the regions' achievements in developing schools' network and providing access to quality education regardless of place of residence under the unfavorable demographic conditions. The article summarizes the impact of complex modernization projects in the regions and shows the emergence of "diffusion chain of innovations". But we have yet to introduce efficient mechanisms to promote innovations in the rest of the Russian regions, its lack may lead to an increasing gap between leaders and outsiders. Dissemination of the best practices and financial support for further modernization of the education system from 2010 and on will be ensured in frames of National educational initiative " Our New School" approved by the Russian President after public debates.
This article analyzes the political reasons for Russia's failure to define and implement a coherent regional policy during the 2000s. Combining Jonh Kingdon's "multiple framework" and empirical evidence from Russian regional policy, I conclude that the failure resulted from the inability and administratively and politically weak reformers to resist top officials who consider regional development a secondary priority and pressure groups that are interested in the maintaining the status quo.