Developing an inclusive culture of public social services in Russia: Rhetoric, policies and practices
This article presents an overview of the rhetoric and main discourses presented in the sphere of social policy and social services provided in Russia especially with regards to social inclusion of migrants. Inclusion policies in schools for children from migrant families are described and contrasted with lack of developments in police practices. A case study of two social service organizations in one of the regions in Privolzhsky Federal District is presented in order to analyze the micro-level of social policy and to find out whether their practices display inclusive culture.
Globalization at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries and the global population shifts connected with it have led to the formation of the so-called, "negative identity" in many countries, including Russia and the USA. The phenomenon of negative identity is well studied. The social-political boundaries of the manifestation of negative identity are investigated to a less extent. The author gives an attempt to analyze the specificity of Muslim ethnic groups' residency in Russia and the USA.
The paper is devoted the problems of the ethnic minority in the world and the specific of their legal status in Russia.
The article traces how the image of the Ainu formed by Japanese intellectuals in 18th and early 19th centuries influenced the formation of Japan’s policy towards this ethnic minority in the Meiji period (1868-1912).
This compendium comprises transcripts of the two workshops on 'Empowering displaced people and migrants through online services' and 'Free Software and Human Rights on the Internet' organized by the Higher School of Economics on the 8th Internet Governance Forum (Bali, Indonesia, 22–25 October, 2013) and relevant articles on legal and technological issues of Internet Governance in sphere of human rights, prepared by the group of legal and technical scholars of information studies. This compendium is devoted to the 9th Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum held in Istanbul, Turkey, 2–5 September 2014.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.