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«Ignoramus et ignorabimus»? Есть ли у современного антифизикализма позитивная программа?

Философия и культура. 2014. № 9. С. 1257 -1265.

the Purpose of this study is to detect a positive program of modern artificiality, namely the analysis non-physicalists solutions to the mind-body problem in contemporary analytic philosophy of consciousness. This article attempts to find out whether the contemporary antiphysicalism has a positive program. Using the approaches of such contemporary analytical philosophers as Colin McGinn, Joseph Levine, Noam Chomsky, Thomas Nagel, and David Chalmers, the author evaluates the ratio of negative and positive components in modern antiphysicalistic approaches, and determines the role of skepticism in their theories. To what extent can non-physicalism withstand physicalism, and is physicalism in spite of its faults in a better position, since it offers, admittedly imperfect answers, while antiphysicalism does not offer anything other than criticism of the existing theories? For example, approaches such modern analytical philosophers as C. McGinn, J. Levin, N. Chomsky, T. Nagel, and D. Chalmers is considered what is the correlation of critical and positive components in modern non-physicalists methods, and also reveals the role of the sceptical position in their theories. The research methodology is a historical and descriptive method, and the method of comparative studies, which in this study implies comparison physicalistic and artificiality approaches to the study of the problems of consciousness. Information base of this study are modern Anglo-American non-physicalists study programs of consciousness, such as a substantial and varieties of substance dualism, the duality properties or naturalistic dualism, epistemic skepticism, interactionism, and some other. Conclusions: Therefore, although today antiphysicalism gives very serious criticism of physicalism, the positions of the later are still strong. Whether this situation will change depends on how convincing the positive program of antiphysicalists will turn out to be. This will allow the discussion participants to choose (as it may turn out) the lesser of two evils. The scope of research/the possibility of subsequent use of results of scientific work. The results obtained in the course of the research may be useful for understanding of a number of influential contemporary contexts, dedicated physicalistic and non-physicalistic programs modern analytical philosophy of mind. Originality/value. Originality of the work lies in understanding non-physicalistic programs in the context of contemporary Anglo-American philosophy of mind, a critical analysis of the main thought of moves and the key arguments of modern Anglo-American artificiality and presentation of many non-translated into Russian the works of contemporary Anglo-American philosophers of consciousness, released in the past years.