Двухлетние итоги развития государственной службы на основе реализации Указа Президента Российской Федерации от 7 мая 2012 г. № 601
The article is devoted to state machinery reforming in Russia, to search of new model of mutual relations of the state and the citizen. Stages of reforms, the reasons of an inefficiency of acts are analyzed.
Modern resources-based economy transformation to knowledge-based innovative type requires originally new administrative decisions at every stage of Russian governance. In recent times various business strategies implementation in public administration practice on federal and local levels have become wide spread: management by objectives, outsourcing, benchmarking, etc. However turbulence with social and economic instability forces researchers to find ways of public administration optimization. My objective therefore is the knowledge management implementation in local government structure.
Nowadays a lot of efforts are being made in Russia to modernize public administration with the help of e-government. However, all reported goals in federal program “E-Russia” have not been achieved. If we make a brief review over the situation in Russia, we will see that nowadays we have controversial issues in the sphere of local government transformation to digital era.
To raise the local government efficiency in Russia knowledge management system for local government was worked out. In terms of public administration knowledge management is a set of processes, practices and ideas, which are collected, stored and reused in order to improve governmental effectiveness, efficiency and transparency and to reduce corruption as well.
Created knowledge management system for Russian local government consists of four main elements:
(1) "The knowledge management concept for local government bodies of the Russian Federation" − a declarative document, fixing main regulations.
(2) "Learning municipalities" − executive and administrative bodies of local government, in which civil (municipal) servants create, disseminate and preserve knowledge.
(3) "Knowledge culture" as the basis of "learning municipality", including "corporate memory", creativity, creation of the necessary conditions and the use of IT (including "e-municipality” construction).
(4) Inter-municipal cooperation, providing the connection between "learning municipalities", exchange of knowledge, best practices and experiences between them.
Implementation of separate elements of knowledge management to local government reveals the following topical matters: lack of technology/web staff, financial resources and technology/web expertise. On the basis of this investigation some profound recommendations were developed for shaping knowledge-based municipalities in Russia.
Two approaches toward cadres reserve creation is analyzed. First is the creation of cadres reserve for given positions according to the norms of Russian civil service legislation norms, and second is the creation of cadres reserve for indefinite list of managerial positions, that is realized in analogy with creation of cadres reserve under President of Russia patronage. Authors amylase the difference of described approaches on the level of principles of selection of cadres for reserve, on the level of relation of aims and procedures of cadres selection. The open competition on of candidates on the base of formal and educational tests, and selection of candidates on the base of expert recommendations, is searched. The peculiarities of financing of the cadres reserve in both approaches is also discussed.
The article is concerned with reproductive intentions of young women in the beginning of their career path in various bodies and agencies of state service, mainly of federal government. The article is based on 32 semi-structured in-depth interviews, conducted in 2016. Main research problem and main results consist in difficulties of choice of the point on a life path when career orient ed women could optimally give birth to their child. Another problem and finding concern contradiction between stated intentions to have at least one child and the fact that almost none of the researched have any children at the age of 27—30 years, and they cannot even say with some precision when they do plan to have them. In spite of the fact that all of them lack life experience of motherhood, and despite their overall rather positive attitude to the latter, and in the condition when they feel significant social pressure of normative ideas concerning normality of motherhood in life of any woman, the participants postpone motherhood until indefinite future and, as a rule, believe that this is going to be incompatible with their present jobs with their working hours, requirements, and salary. This is mainly due to the fact that the other two norms influence them, namely, that mothering should be intense, and that «a good worker» should give all her energy to the job.
The collecvtive monography is deducated to the subject of the Management of personnel in public/state organizations. The main chapters of the monography are: Recruiting, carrier trajectories and conflicts in state organizatios; effectiveness and result-oriented activity of the personnel of state organizations; Values, image and labor market; Professional competencies and training of civil servants.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.