Modern Russia faces the need to update theoretical paradigms in different areas of public administration, including regulation of ethno-political relations (ethnic, religious, federal, etc.). The paradigm of “national policy”, which in the USSR and post-soviet Russia for a long time has been the only theoretical basis for such management, today requires corrections and additions based on the new political realities and contemporary theoretical views. Thus, in this project we proceed from the assumption that the ethno-political situation in Russia at the beginning of the XXi century has changed significantly compared to the 1990s, while the methodology of regulation of these processes and the formation of national policy lags behind these changes.
The analysis of the current problems of the Russian economy is considered in the article; the monetary policy of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation is considered by the authors as a tool for solution of the topical issues. The analysis of the functions of the Bank of Russia showed that in conditions of low prices for oil and gas, as well as the Western sanctions, that limited access to external capital markets, the achievement of a single target of low inflation is not enough to develop in the modern environment. Based on the study of successful experience of China, Japan, Germany, USA and other countries, the article shows effective mechanisms and instruments of their financial systems. In particular, the tool such as the target emission, which increases the level of monetization and, as a consequence, leads to the reduction of the interest rates. The conclusion is made that for transformation to a sustainable course of development of the Russian economy, we need to create the internal sources of investment by means of the active monetary policy as well. It implies the use of the similar mechanisms and tools. The implementation of such mechanisms stipulates the change of the functional authority of the Bank of Russia itself which will be responsible not only for financial stability but also for the economic growth. The use of the offered reserves will allow to attract the necessary financial resources for the development of industrial-innovation sector and in whole for the structural reconstruction of the economy of Russia. The article also touches upon the risk assessment of the money emission, in particular, fears of rising inflation. It is concluded that the risks of saving hard monetary policy are more dangerous than the risks of transition to the policy of stimulating economic growth.
The author explores the reasons behind the crisis of single industry towns, possibilities and challenges of public private partnership in such towns, presenting foreign experience of transformation of old industrial territories and giving recommendations aimed at increasing efficiency of public policy concerning single industry towns.
The paper analyzes the basic principles of interaction between government agencies and involved PR organizations, identifies goals and objectives of media campaigns, and compares the modern Russian practice with the experience of other countries.
The president powers as a tool to provide the system of separation of powers and the efficiency of interaction of state bodies are considered in this article. Author analyzes the head of state powers within the different branches of powers. The role of the Constitutional Court to resolve the issues of the interaction of state bodies is underlined in this article. Author describes the value of the powers of the President within the system of separation of powers and explains the arbitral character of them.
The analysis of the evolution of constitutional and legal regulation of the president's powers in the "post-Soviet" countries of Transcaucasia is presented in the article. There is the topic of presidency constitutional institutionalization in Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan in the focus of this research. And the efficiency of presidency, the possibilities of Head of state to bring to bear influence on the whole social life of all kinds, as well as “tilt stabilization” of his status and statures of other branches of power, their capacity of downward pressure depend on its (topic) legal solution. This situation demands the wide legal analysis and reflection, thorough understanding of different models of constitutional regulation of president powers and tendencies determination of their development. In sum, the author concludes that the presidency plays a crucial role in the political and legal institutions of the republics of the Transcaucasia. In practice, the implementation of the presidential form of government in all these countries is declared semipresidential, when in fact most of them have passed the superpresidentialism stage. The presidentalism establishment in the nineties of the 20th century is characterized by common features – Armenian, Georgian and Azerbaijan nations came through social trials and shocks. And it was strong president power that led to meaningful stabilization of the society. There is differently directed development of presidency in the noughties and tenth of the 21st century. Presidentalism comes to moderate form in Georgia. The form of government is drawn to parliamentary republic Armenia. But at the same time the prerogative powers of President are strengthened in Azerbaijan as opposite to its neighbors.
The category of identity discovers an interesting refractive index in modern political communication. In electoral scenarios of politicians interacting with voters there are cultural practice identifiers of “their” and of “alien”. In recent years however another identifier has became noticeable, that of the differentiation of society, which is suggested and ameliorated in the article denoting the conditional term of the “nobodies”. The significance of this in electoral communications in particular, is shown in the research in media texts of one of the most recent major election campaigns - the Moscow Mayoral election campaign. For the purposes of this study a number of identifiers in the specific communications policy of these candidates for the Mayoral position were chosen and in particular the several active campaign representations of government sponsored candidates and those of the main opposition campaigns in particular, those of Sergei Sobyanin, A. Navalny and N. Levicheva. The study showed that the technology of operation of the concepts of “their” and “alien” (as well as ways of testing the identifier of “nobodies”) may vary the politicocommunicative interaction with plenty of variants. The article has noted the cases of the use of the neutral concept namely that of “nobodies”.
Monitoring of the official websites of the regional public chambers is important in the context of transparency trend in the public authority. The study allows evaluating the level of equipment, interactivity, convenience and openness of websites of regional public chambers. Assessment of official websites was conducted on the basis of 36 criteria in the following areas: equipment of site; conditions for the feedback; news and announcements; information component, transparency, the relevance of the content on the website. Monitoring shows that the websites of regional public chambers as a significant tool platform public dialogue are not fully used by regional Chambers.
The article is a continuation of the expert discussion ‘Legal education and the labor market. Transformation or stagnation in the digital economy’, uniting the leaders of leading Russian and foreign law schools, the scientific, pedagogical community at the Gaidar Forum 2020. The authors consider a wide range of issues related to the characterization of the current state of legal education, its integration into the Bologna system, noting the importance of the application of traditional methods and means of teaching law, taking into account modern realities. Particular attention is paid to the traditions of teaching law laid down by Roman lawyers, the history of the formation and development of domestic jurisprudence, as well as modern discussions on a given topic, in which representatives of the scientific community and practical lawyers take part. The authors draw attention to issues related to the new content of curricula and new ways of regulating legal education. The topic of state accreditation of educational programs in the field of jurisprudence and the role of the Association of Russian Lawyers in this process also seems important. The analysis of the main features of modern law is carried out, necessitating the comprehensive improvement of modern legal education. As a possible measure of the quality of legal education, the introduction of a single exam for entering the profession is proposed.
The article presents the results of risk modeling of the interaction between an insurance company and insurance agents as part of operational risk. A classification of risks is suggested, qualitative risk factors and methods of assessment are identified.
The issue of the publication and use of the official's image without his/her consent in cases where it is required by law and any drcumstances is considered in the article. The examples of the situations where under the legislation there is no need to obtain the consent of the official with respect to the fate of his/her image are presented in the paper. The conclusions are made about the importance of making a distinction between the private and public life of officials in order to legitimate the coverage of their professional official activities and protect their personal information; as well as about the necessity of obtaining the consent from the employee in writing specifying the conditions for the disclosure and use of his image.
The religious system is considered in the work as an element of a more complex structure: socio-political (public) and political-legal (state). The authors identify the features of these systems and determine the principles of their interaction, contradictions and set tasks to ensure the revision of industry thesaurus and rethink the conceptual and categorical apparatus. It is necessary to identify the conceptual certainty of the religious sphere of civil-political relations in the interests of national security, taking into account the threats of internal order. Against the background of global and regional challenges, the potential of sectoral approaches to the definition of religion is characterized. The article proposes a new approach in which religion is defined as alienation. It is described as a complex, multifunctional object: a model of being with world order invariants. This is a world order, the principle of which corresponds to the type of ontology and explicates in social functions and axiology. Worldview system (ideological system having level specification) with the invariants of causal relations (praxeology). Taking into account the peculiarities of the phenomenon of ‘alienation’ as a fundamental function (to discover, to ensure the manifestation of universals and categories, the basic of which are the following binomials: ‘being-nothing’, ‘sacred-profane’, ‘spiritual-thing’, ‘ideal-material’, ‘God/absolute-man’, ‘transcendent-transcendental/immanent’, ‘power-right/duty’, ‘single/whole-concrete/individual’, ‘general – private’, etc.), the authors draw attention to the similarities between religion and power in the sense that it is the phenomenon of ‘alienation’ that determines the processes of sacralization, clericalization of power, the religization of politics and ideologization, the politicization of religion.