Управление человеческими ресурсами и эффективность компаний: есть ли связь?
The article examines the relationship between HRM-practices and “social” and “economic” effectiveness of Russian business organizations. The first part of the paper reviews international conceptual approaches to analyzing HRM-practices in context of organizational performance and relevant research results. Special attention is paid for critical analysis of research methodology. In the second part, results of empirical study in 80 Russian organizations are presented. Using multilevel data the authors conclude that during economic recession after 2008 there was positive lagged effect of HRM “bundles” of hiring, training, and assessment under the condition of existence of “positive” labour practices in organizations.
The objective of this book is to develop the sustainable and lasting skills of translator's competence and to build up translation categorial strategy.
Active vocabulary for business English students based on the business coursebook "Market Leader". The focus is on the development and mastering of business English active vocabulary for the Business Studies.
This volume contains country studies of the historical development of human resource management (HRM) in seventeen different nations. The nations span all regions of the world and each chapter is written by a national expert. Primary attention is given to HRM developments in industry, but university research and teaching are also covered. Human resource management is defined broadly to include industrial relations and each chapter places the historical development of HRM in a broad political, social, and economic context.
The author of the article puts forward the hypothesis about importance of the psychological contract for the modern Russian organizations. In his opinion, the role of private mutual relations between workers and employers is essentially underestimated. At the same time the psychological contract influences imperious relations in the organizations caused by the formal rights and duties of heads and subordinates, the psychological climate and, finally, productivity of its activity. The investment approach to management of the human resources, caused by necessity to invest means in development of employees and increase in degree of their involvement into achievement of the purposes of the organization is also of great value.
Relation between the informal employment and job satisfaction is investigated in the paper. Informal employment takes rather big place in Russian economy, what makes research of the mechanism of the informal sector of the labor market functioning very relevant. Ordered choice models with sample selection correction were estimated on the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE) data. The key result of the paper is that subjective well-being is not determined by employment status itself, crucial is conditions of choice. Individuals, who came to the informal sector because of their own choice, treat their job as well as workers' with the registered employment. So, they have no incentives for seeking to formalize their status, which could mean further growth of the informal sector.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.