Копируем ли разум: полемика с трансгуманизмом
The paper discusses the technical and humanitarian aspects of the thesis of transhumanism about the possibility of copying the mind to a medium and rewriting it repeatedly (digital immortality). It is argued that the nature of the mind implies that it cannot be supported without its functioning, even if recorded, and such functioning (digital life) would inevitably lead to a discrepancy between the copy and the original. The paper further substantiates that the very fact of making such record seems highly unlikely due to the physical restrictions of the world, as well as to the effects of the following natural tendency: technologies would develop not in the direction of the 'copyableness' of the evolving human consciousness, but in the opposite direction of the increasing impossibility of copying the even more complicated mind (i.e. complexity growing faster than the means of precise copying).
The collection includes some articles is based on the First All-Russian Conference, Global Future 2045, held in Belgorod University in 2013. The problems of of the current crisis and discusses anthropological scenarios of the development of civilization was held and description.
The book considers how to make the methodology of business ethics more scientific, especially its normative branch. Storchevoy explores the attempts of economic theory to contribute to the scientific normative analysis of economic behavior, particularly the welfare economics of 1910-1950 and methodological discussions of economics and ethics from 1980-2015. He then examines the development of the methodological structure of business ethics in general since the 1980s and the scientific validity of normative business ethics, including stakeholder theory, the separation thesis, integral social contract theory, corporate social responsibility, virtue ethics and other frameworks. He concludes by suggesting an additional step to make business ethics a more systematic discipline by developing a typology of moral issues and dilemmas. Business Ethics as a Science will be a thought-provoking resource for students and practitioners of business ethics and economists alike.
Nicolas de Condorcet was a French philosopher, scientist, political figure of the XVIIIth century and one of the few Enlightenment ideologues who has not only witnessed the French Revolution, but also actively participated in the political life of the country, leading the National Convention and taking part in the setting-up of the legal framework of the French First Republic. This article is meant not only to investigate the Condorcet's theory of progress, which is based on the idea of infinite improvement of human individuum and society (perfectibilité), but also to explore the notions of ‘human enhancement society’ and ‘transhumanism society’, that the idea of perfectibility substantiates. Transhumanism is a philosophical, social and cultural movement that promotes a radical improvement of humans through biomedicine, science and technology. For many years, it has fascinated the minds of prominent scientists, doctors and public figures all over the world. Based on the concept of unlimited betterment of an individual as far as their physical, intellectual and psychological qualities are concerned, transhumanism derives from the idea of perfectibility within the meaning ascribed to it by the French philosopher. Guided by the intention to justify this ideology from the historical and philosophical points of view, the apologists of transhumanism aim to declare themselves as the inheritors of the Enlightenment's humanists, and Nicolas de Condorcet himself as their ‘spiritual mentor’. From this perspective, the author of the article raises two main questions: what is the idea of ‘perfectibilité’, why does it exist more than two centuries after the death of this French philosopher, and can Condorcet be considered as the ideologist of transhumanism?
Tha article is devoted to the critical reflection of sustainable mythological ideas of an average man. This specific was changed to influence of technical progress and innovation.
The article is devoted by discussion some problems of Hhumah Studies. This discussion was held in Belgorod State University
Transhumanism is the brand-new term, which appears only in the beginning of the 21st century. The adherents of this term consider further development of humanity in a close contact with nanotechnology. People were always interested in how to improve the quality of life and prolong it. Medieval alchemists didn’t find the philosopher’s stone, the Holy Grail is still a legend. The Third Reich scientist’s experiments influenced in the development of medicine, but didn’t reveal the secret of immortality. In the 21st century scientists came more than ever closer to the creation of perfect man with the help of nanotechnology. How do philosophers consider this breakthrough in philosophy of technics?
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables