Роль стратегического планирования в развитии города: подходы к оценке
The article is about econometric analysis relationship between system of strategic planning and the level of city development. The main hypothesis is about existing impact of strategic plan on some aspects of a city. The 18 indexes of social and economic development were looked. Correlation and regression analysis show the weak statistic relation between four indexes and duration of existing of system strategic planning. In the end of the article the conclusion about reasons of this relation are made.
Purpose – The paper is aimed to present the approach to the investigation of place development trajectory which ties up the bottom-up initiatives and the city strategic perspectives.
Design / approach – It is proposed to implement the ‘tactical urbanism’ activities and to up-scale their insights to tackle them with city strategy. The approach is aimed at local community activation as the preliminary stage of further involvement and gives new insights into ways of city representation. The case study is performed on the basis of the intervention that was implemented during the “Interactive Moscow” Summer School and the possible strategic insights are discussed.
Findings – The paper proposes the way of abandoned places development using intervention as a tool of community activation and draws the possible algorithm schematically, which needs further discussion.
Originality / value – The paper tests transferability of place management concept to centrally planned environment.
One of the basic principles of successful place marketing and branding is the thoughtful analysis of target groups needs and preferences. Many authors show favour to the city residents as the core target group. The residents may also be segmented into the smaller groups, and in some cases successful strategies are targeted to the needs of this very specific group of citizens. One of such groups – the so-called creative class – became very popular among practitioners as a primary target group for place marketing and branding. The purpose of the paper is to compare creative and non-creative class in terms of their preferences of particular attributes, which describe a city as a whole.
Russian Arctic cities acknowledge the need to build sustainable development strategies (SDSs) to ensure their long-term socioeconomic and ecological viability. They try to create proper conceptual, legal and institutional settings for the development and implementation of such strategies. First and foremost the Arctic cities aim to create and develop an efficient strategy planning system which is seen as a necessary precondition for successful urban SDS. This paper aims to discuss possible indicators to evaluate the SDS planning process in the major industrial cities of the Russian Arctic).
The author conducted a comparative analysis of different approaches to the city development of marketing strategy and chose the most effective of all the alternatives. The results show that there is a multi-step approach to creating a marketing city strategy. It was selected infrastructure marketing as the main marketing strategy of Nizhny Novgorod. We are talking about increasing the level of civilized market relations in the selected area. The main objective is the development of local infrastructure in order to improve living standards and working conditions.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.