Временные трудовые мигранты в России
The article analyzes the temporary labor migration in contemporary Russia. Sources of information - data FMS of Russia, LFS sample surveys. Under the temporary migrants are understood not only foreigners, but also Russians, engaged in labor activities outside the region of residence.
The problems of internal migration in Russia in the 2000s, changes in migration trends, the political debate on internal migration in Russia.
This article is devoted to theoretical approaches elaborated in framework of the modern concept of internal labor markets. Main focus is concentrated on within firm labor mobility, associations between job assignments and wage rates. Promotions of employee within job ladder are considered as a mechanism to improve two sided matching process of jobs and employees led to employee effectiveness and wage growth. The article uses some cases from Russian enterprise (internal and external labor market environment) to examine within firm labor mobility as an important feather of internal labor markets.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.