Межвузовские исследования как важный инструмент изучения системы высшего образования
The article how labor mobility, including not only shown in the market but also potential mobility, influences on the wages of the employee and his propensity to innovate. Thus, using data from the own survey, the author analyses how mobility is rewarded in the labor market and whether mobile workers are more active in the field of innovation.
The article investigates, which factors of the organizational environment and management have the most significant impact on the innovative activity of the enterprise. The author uses two indicators of this activity: the availability of innovative products and the degree of involvement of the personnel in innovative activities to build the model. In this work the results of the author’s social survey are used for analysis that brings to conclusions about how the market estimates the innovative components of human capital.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.