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Article

The Russian System of Assessing the Quality of Education: Key lessons (Analytical Review) (начало, окончание в №4)

Strategies for Policy in Science and Education. 2013. Vol. XXI. No. 3. P. 400-413.
Bolotov V., Valdman I., Kovaleva G., Pinskaya М.

The paper examines reforms to the enabling context that supports educational assessment in Russia—that is, reforms that affected the policy framework and institutions, the development of human capacity, and funding sources. It then analyzes reforms to large‐scale assessments, examinations, and classroom assessment activities; identifies the driving forces that contributed to the reforms; and extracts key lessons about strengthening an educational assessment system.