Психологические факторы развития и хронификации технологических зависимостей
This paper pertains mainly to art cognitonics, it is a significant branch of cognitonics, or the science about the human being in the digital world. The first aim of the paper is to consider a way of achieving cognitive engagement of the adolescents and university students at lectures on art cognitonics. The central idea is to expand the conceptual universe of the learners by means of messages conveyed by outstanding canvases and sculptures. Art cognitonics changes the perception of a work of art by the beholder in comparison with the traditional approach. The second aim is to state a new conception of a sci-fi museum (a science fiction museum), this conception is underpinned by cognitonics. The principal idea of the new conception is the creation of a thought-provoking space aiming at stimulating the process of perception of the power of thought, regarding thought as a value.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.