Фольклорный текст в контексте исторической памяти в интерпретации Э.Л. Доктороу
The article concerns the novel “Homer and Langley” by E. L. Doctorow that is a story about Collyer brothers based on a true story that became some kind of an urban legend in 1940-s and a folklore as the author himself declares it.
F. Werfel about G. Verdi (based on the composition «Verdi. Novel of the opera») (by Zusman V. G., Zusman N. D.). In this paper the cultural opposition «Verdi - Wagner» is discussed. The opposition is described by the Austrian writer Franz Werfel in his «Verdi. Novel of the opera». Werfel compares the artistic world and the personality of the Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi with the German composer Richard Wagner. The author comes to conclusion, that the principle of melody, the power of an individual human voice expressed in the music of Verdi are much more important than the combined force of the instruments in the orchestra of Wagner.
The educational textbook in an accessible form is given to the representation of such complex issues as the nature of myth and features of mythological mentality. The myth is considered in comparison with some of the genres of folklore (fairy tale, legend) and in connection with the pagan ritual. In the Appendix to the book includes works of the classics of Russian folklore and Ethnography (F.I. Buslaev, A. N. Afanasiev, A. N. Veselovskii, A. A. Potebnia, D. K. Zelenin, V. Ya. Propp, V. N. Toporov, etc.). The book is intended for high school students, who are interested in the problems of Philology, And may be used by them in their own creative work. The book will be interesting for teachers of literature.
In his article Vladimir Kantor explores the destiny of Russia intelligentsia within the context of cultural crisis that took place at the turn of XIX and XX centuries, analyzing the Vekhovs, a group of leading intellectuals who ran a collection of essays, titled "Vekhi", studying their relationship towards that Russian cultural phenomenon. To author, the intelligentsia is considered as a critical factor in the development of Russian history. Within a context of the struggle around the "Vekhi", by referring to famous philosophical and literature books, published in 1909, the author focuses on relationships between intelligentsia and ordinary people, their attractive and repulsive interaction, which represents the key theme of the Russian destiny. Any historical movement occurs through tragedy; heroes who move the history have to sacrifice themselves to provide that movement. Confirmation to that idea would be rejection and exclusion of the Russian intelligentsia from the country's mentality throughout a number of generations which ultimately led to its tragic being.