Методы управления развитием жилищной сферы в условиях социально-ориентированной инновационной экономики
The housing sector is one of the largest and most complex elements of the urban economy, on which development is influenced members of the public, government and business. It leads to the need for a systematic, cost-based approach to the management of all the elements and creation effective economic-organization methods of the sector development. The article reveals the problem and management features of the housing sector in terms of socio-oriented innovation economy. Management methods are considered regarding the life cycle of the building.
Urban environment quality and quality of living patterns are the key factors for Russian cities’ competitiveness increase. They both are to a large extent driven by the housing economy characteristics. The article provides analysis of basic trends in housing economy of Russian cities including:
• housing consumption;
• structure of housing and ownership rights;
• housing price dynamics and the level of housing affordability;
• condition of housing stock and utility infrastructure, investment in renovation of the housing stock;
• state of competition at hosing market and supply elasticity to demand for differentiated and good quality urban environment ;
• state regulation of the housing economy – support for demand and supply, taxation policies.
Importance Providing innovative management of the housing sector has become an indispensable requirement to improve the quality and availability of housing and communal services in a information society, scientific and technological progress. New approaches to managing the housing sector should be focused on attracting investments into the sector.
Objectives The purpose of this article advocates the development of methodical bases and recommendations for the formation of innovative management to provide services in the housing sector. Tasks included the generalization of international experience and innovative management practices in the housing sector; identify management problems implementing management systems in housing sector in Russia; offer a comprehensive approach to ensure innovation management based on the specifics of the Russian government.
Conclusions and Relevance It is concluded that under the conditions of the accumulated problems of the housing sector and the urgent need for a comprehensive investment, innovative and modernization development should be carried out within the framework of strategic management, which will ensure comprehensiveness. A schematic model of innovation management services in the housing sector.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.