Economic concentration may lead to formation of a dominant market position of the merging companies and reduction in social welfare. On the other hand, economic theory predicts some positive outcomes from mergers between large export trading companies due to increase in their production efficiency and international competitiveness. The balance between benefits and losses in social welfare from economic concentration is not evident; national interests do not always coincide with the development of competition at the supranational level. In this paper we analyze the practice of antitrust enforcement in Russia and foreign countries, in order to reveal the use of balanced approach when making decision on acceptability of a merger between exporters.
The housing sector is one of the largest and most complex elements of the urban economy, on which development is influenced members of the public, government and business. It leads to the need for a systematic, cost-based approach to the management of all the elements and creation effective economic-organization methods of the sector development. The article reveals the problem and management features of the housing sector in terms of socio-oriented innovation economy. Management methods are considered regarding the life cycle of the building.
The authors of the article investigate theoretical and applied approaches to the analysis of unfair competition in reference to markets of intellectual property rights (IPR) and IPR-intensive goods. The original classification of unfair competition, based on different kinds of information asymmetry and opportunistic behaviour, is elaborated in the work. The authors justify the consideration of all the types of unfair competition from this classification, in particular intellectual property infringements, in the framework of competition policy, assess the existing mechanisms preventing unfair competition in Russia and formulate recommendations on the development of those mechanisms.
Restructuring of the Russian industry during the last three decades is accompanied by a discussion on a system of industrial regulation, which, on the one hand, would create incentives for investments in the development of the sector and capacities modernization, and, on the other hand, would not be accompanied by outrunning growth of prices and tariffs. Traditionally, this question is relevant to the infrastructure sectors, because the cost of their services directly and significantly affects household expenditures and business costs.
The paper provides an overview of the theoretical and empirical aspects of price and tariff regulation in the gas sector, applied methods of regulation, the analysis of Russian practice, prospects of the gas industry in Russia and in the world, recommendations for the Russian authorities.
The stability and growth rate of Russian economy depend on the ef- fectiveness of strategic decisions, that are made by corporations, small and medium enterprises. The choice of production, sales and financial manage- ment models within the framework of strategic management system deter- mines relationships between firms and the level of market competition. The growing diversity of business strategies results in the antitrust risks increase due to the modification of management decisions. In this context, it is neces- sary to identify ways to encourage companies to develop an intra-corporate mechanism for antitrust risks management and to choose pro-competitive business tools.