Управление требованиями при реализации ИТ-проектов
In the paper an approach to modeling of requirements management process associated with IT projects is considered. The requirements management model includes three stages. The first stage is related with the choice of business requirements, which are described in the project solution and define the project scope. The second stage includes development of a model that is associated with accepting, rejecting, clarification or classification as ‘additional task’ for every of incoming user requirements. On the third stage for all the accepted user requirements priorities of system requirements are formulated; these priorities are subsequently used for project planning. The decision making models are based on the methods of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and analytic network process (ANP), as well as on SuperDecisions decision support system.
The Modeling of problem situations is a very important issue in decision-making theory. Actually, there are no decision support systems which include decision making methods under risk and uncertainty. The main advantage of proposed approach is ability to process dependences and feedbacks which may exist between conditions, sub-conditions and their realizations.
The increase of supply chains efficiency requires optimization of all types of logistic operations and functions. One of such functions is a choice of intermediaries (carriers, freight forwarders, suppliers, service enterprises etc.). The article discusses the analytical and expert approaches which serve as a basis to choose the intermediaries; along with it, in the article a comparative evaluation of choice expert methods is done: point-rating assessment, analytic hierarchy process and the general algorithm for selecting; the conclusions have been drawn about the applicability of each method
This paper presents an approach for developing Linux interface standards aimed to improve portability of applications among different Linux distributions. The approach is based on usage of database-driven informational system that simplifies creation and maintenance of interface standards by standardization committees and their usage by application and distribution developers. A logical model of interfaces between Linux applications and distributions is described which is used to design schema of the informational system's database.
This paper presents an approach of developing a special environment to help application developers to create programs compliant with some interface standard. The paper suggests a design of the informational system aimed to make it easier to develop and to maintain such an environment on the basis of the existing systems, with necessary modiﬁcations in the areas concerned by the standard. To store information about existing systems and to facilitate their modiﬁcation, it is suggested to use a database with a set of accompanying tools. Necessary aspects of the database schema design are described, as well as some aspects of the tool architecture.
A new hierarchical model of decision making under multiple criteria that form a multilevel system is proposed. With this model, one can use approaches and methods of the criteria importance theory to collect information about the importance of criteria and use it to analyze practical multicriterial decision making problems in a correct way.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management