Supercurrent-induced long-range triplet correlations and controllable Josephson effect in superconductor/ferromagnet hybrids with extrinsic spin-orbit coupling
We predict that long-range triplet correlations (LRTC) in superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) hybrids with extrinsic impurity spin-orbit coupling can be generated and manipulated by supercurrent flowing in the superconducting leads along the S/F interfaces. The LRTC appear via two basic mechanisms. The essence of the first one is the generation of triplets by the superconducting spin Hall effect. These pairs are long range in the ferromagnet under the appropriate mutual orientation of the condensate momentum and the ferromagnet magnetization. The second mechanism is based on the singlet-triplet conversion at the S/F interface followed by the rotation of the spin of the obtained short-range opposite-spin pairs via the spin current swapping mechanism. The structure of the supercurrent-induced LRTC is studied both for S/F bilayers and superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor (S/F/S) Josephson junctions. We demonstrate that in S/F/S junctions, where the Josephson coupling is realized via the supercurrent-induced LRTC, the ground state phase can be switched between 0 and π in a controllable manner. The switching is performed by reversing the supercurrent in one of the superconducting leads, thus realizing a physical principle of the 0-π shifter.