From Isolation to Violence: Changes of the Domestic Environment in the Iranian Family under COVID-19
Domestic violence became a worldwide social problem during the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, especially during the period of lockdown. It has been also experienced in some Iranian families, examined in our research. The article presents the data obtained by semi-structured interviews and draws some (so far tentative) conclusions about the nature of changes in the regime of relations of the traditional Iranian family - towards the intensification of domestic violence, mental/emotional violence prevailing. Among the variety of nuances in the types of violence, some of them are already well classified (we used the classification of violence proposed by Galtung, 1969, 1990), such as Symbolic, Physical, Economic violence. Other manifestations of domestic violence -- Humiliation and verbal violence, Intensification of restrictions on (or even Interrupting of) a woman’s relationship with her friends and acquaintances by her husband; Husband’s violence against children; Disputes over the observance of health tips during the quarantine period; Intensification of religious conflicts during the period of home quarantine – still need further study and interpretation. As a theory-oriented research, it involves the study of the relationship of various types of violence: starting with the newest one -- self-violence, self-isolation -- and getting through the modifications of already known types of violence, which are caused by the first one type.