Social capital, acculturation attitudes, and sociocultural adaptation of migrants from central Asian republics and South Korea in Russia
This research examines the relationship of social capital with the acculturation attitudes and socioculturaladaptation of 122 migrants from Central Asian republics of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan) and 136 migrants from South Korea.The questionnaire included scales for assessing acculturation attitudes (integration, assimilation, andseparation), individual social capital (bridging and bonding), and sociocultural adaptation. Using parallelmediation analysis, we found that acculturation attitudes for migrants from Central Asia are secondary totheir social capital in relation to sociocultural adaptation. However, among migrants from South Korea,social capital is not linked to their acculturation attitudes, and in general, its role in sociocultural adaptationis lower as compared to the role of acculturation attitudes. As a whole, our research shows that althoughsociocultural adaptation for all ethnic groups is linked to acculturation attitudes and social capital,acculturation attitudes for certain ethnic groups can be dependent on social capital.