• A
  • A
  • A
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Обычная версия сайта

Статья

The Fermi-Dirac distribution as a model of a thermodynamically ideal liquid. Phase transition of the first kind for neutral gases (corresponding to nonpolar molecules)

Mathematical notes. 2017. Vol. 101. No. 1. P. 100-114.

In this paper, we introduce the notions of enlarged number theory and of thermodynamically ideal liquid and calculate the temperature below which it appears. This temperature is T = 0.84Tc, where Tc is the critical temperature of a gas whose molecules are nonpolar. For such a gas, in a sufficiently wide neighborhood of the binodal, the isotherms of a gas and of a thermodynamically ideal liquid coincide with those of a van der Waals gas for the critical value of the compressibility factor Zc = 3/8. In this sense, for T ≤ 0.84Tc and the particular case Zc = 3/8, the developed theory is a generalization of the van der Waals model. A new phase transition of the second kind at the point of zero activity is described.