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## Universal Profile of the Vortex Condensate in Two-Dimensional Turbulence

Physical Review Letters. 2014. Vol. 113. No. 25. P. 254503-1-254503-5.

An inverse turbulent cascade in a restricted two-dimensional periodic domain creates a condensate-a pair of coherent system-size vortices. We perform extensive numerical simulations of this system and carry out theoretical analysis based on momentum and energy exchanges between the turbulence and the vortices. We show that the vortices have a universal internal structure independent of the type of small-scale dissipation, small-scale forcing, and boundary conditions. The theory predicts not only the vortex inner region profile, but also the amplitude, which both perfectly agree with the numerical data.

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., JETP Letters 2015 Vol. 101 No. 3 P. 181-184

The inverse cascade of two-dimensional turbulence in a restricted domain leads to creating a coherent flow containing a number of system-size vortices. We examine the case of forcing turbulence with zero bottom friction where the final statistically steady state is determined by viscosity. We analytically establish structure of the coherent vortices in the state. ...

Added: October 15, 2016

Doludenko A., Fortova S., Kolokolov I. et al., Physics of Fluids 2021 Vol. 33 No. 011704 P. 1-6

We investigate the coherent vortex produced by two-dimensional turbulence excited in a finite box. We establish analytically the mean velocity
profile of the vortex for the case where the bottom friction is negligible and express its characteristics via the parameters of pumping. Our
theoretical predictions are verified and confirmed by direct numerical simulations in the framework of ...

Added: January 20, 2021

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2016 Vol. 809 No. paper R2 P. 1-11

We analyze velocity fluctuations inside coherent vortices generated as a result of the inverse cascade in the two-dimensional ($2d$) turbulence in a finite box. As we demonstrated in \citep{16KL}, the universal velocity profile, established in \citep{14LBFKL}, corresponds to the passive regime of the flow fluctuations. The property enables one to calculate correlation functions of the ...

Added: October 23, 2016

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2016 Vol. 93 No. 3 P. 033104-1-033104-7

We discuss the structure and geometrical characteristics of coherent vortices appearing as a result of the inverse cascade in two-dimensional turbulence in a finite box.We demonstrate that the universal velocity profile, established by J. Laurie et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 254503 (2014)], corresponds to the passive regime of flow fluctuations.We find the vortex core ...

Added: October 15, 2016

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Письма в Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики 2017 Т. 106 № 10 С. 633-636

Two dimensional turbulence has the striking tendency to self-organize into large-scale, coherent structures due to the inverse energy cascade \cite{67Kra,68Lei,69Bat}. Here we theoretically examine the case of a static pumping where the exciting force is independent of time, the case corresponds to the experimental setup of the works . We establish dependence of the large-scale ...

Added: November 12, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M. et al., Physical Review Letters 2007 Vol. 99 P. 084501-1-084501-4

We report a numerical study, supplemented by phenomenological explanations, of ‘‘energy condensation’’
in forced 2D turbulence in a biperiodic box. Condensation is a finite size effect which occurs after
the standard inverse cascade reaches the size of the system. It leads to the emergence of a coherent vortex
dipole. We show that the time growth of the dipole ...

Added: February 10, 2017

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Chertkov M., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2010 Vol. 81 P. 015302R

Two-dimensional turbulence generated in a finite box produces large-scale coherent vortices coexisting with
small-scale fluctuations. We present a rigorous theory explaining the =1/4 scaling in the Vr− law of the
velocity spatial profile within a vortex, where r is the distance from the vortex center. This scaling, consistent
with earlier numerical and laboratory measurements, is universal in ...

Added: February 7, 2017

Slunyaev A., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2020 Vol. 101 Article 062214

A method of windowed spatiotemporal spectral filtering is proposed to segregate different nonlinear wave components and to calculate the surface of free waves. The dynamic kurtosis (i.e., produced by the free wave component) is shown able to contribute essentially to the abnormally large values of the surface displacement kurtosis, according to the direct numerical simulations of realistic sea ...

Added: June 28, 2020

Бузовкин А. Б., Kolokolov I., Lebedev V. et al., JETP Letters (английский перевод Писем в Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики) 2020 Vol. 111 No. 8 P. 442-446

We consider the structure of a coherent vortex formed around a solid rotating disc in two-dimensional turbulent flow. We find the average velocity profile of the coherent vortex for different rotation velocities ...

Added: July 15, 2020

Orlov A., Brazhnikov M., Levchenko A., Письма в Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики 2018 Т. 107 № 3 С. 166-171

Экспериментально исследована эволюция вихревого течения, возбуждаемого электромагнитным методом в тонком слое проводящей жидкости. Мелкомасштабные вихри, возбуждаемые на масштабе накачки, вследствие нелинейности взаимодействия со временем сливаются и образуют крупномасштабные структуры - формируется обратный каскад энергии. Зависимость энергетического спектра в развитом обратном каскаде хорошо описывается законом Крайчнана k^{-5/3}. На крупных масштабах обратный каскад ограничивается размерами ячейки, и ...

Added: December 17, 2018

Parfenyev V., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2022 Vol. 106 P. 1-7

It is well known that an inverse turbulent cascade in a finite ($2 \pi \times 2 \pi$) two-dimensional periodic domain leads to the emergence of a system-sized coherent vortex dipole. We report a numerical hyperviscous study of the spatial vorticity profile inside one of the vortices. The exciting force was shortly correlated in time, random ...

Added: August 10, 2022

Ivchenko N., Vergeles S. S., Physics of Fluids 2021 Vol. 33 No. 10 Article 105102

A condensate in two-dimensional turbulence confined to a finite domain was predicted by Kraichnan. The most common spatial form of the condensate is a coherent vortex of radius comparable with the domain size, which is statistically steady over times much longer than its turnover time. The vortices were successively studied during the last four decades, ...

Added: October 14, 2021

Kolokolov I., Kostenko M., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2020 Vol. 101 No. 033108 P. 1-3

We consider two-dimensional turbulence in the presence of a condensate. The nondiagonal correlation
functions of the Lagrangian accelerations are calculated, and it is shown that they have the same universality
properties as the nondiagonal correlation functions of the velocity fluctuations. ...

Added: March 25, 2020

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 2020 Vol. 102 No. 2 P. 1-5

We examine coherent vortices appearing as a result of the inverse cascade of two-dimensional turbulence in a
finite box in the case of pumping with arbitrary correlation time in the quasilinear regime. We demonstrate that
the existence of the vortices depends on the ratio between the values of the bottom friction coefficient α and the
viscous damping of ...

Added: October 6, 2020

Окубо Ю. undefined., Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2017 Vol. 804 No. 012036 P. 1-8

We investigate the existence and the orthogonality of the generalized Jack symmetric functions which play an important role in the AGT relations. We show their orthogonality by deforming them to the generalized Macdonald symmetric functions. ...

Added: October 26, 2017

Semenov A. G., Zaikin A. D., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2013 Vol. 88 No. 5 P. 054505-1-054505-10

We investigate the effect of interacting quantum phase slips on persistent current and its fluctuations in ultrathin superconducting nanowires and nanorings pierced by the external magnetic flux. We derive the effective action for these systems and map the original problem onto an effective sine-Gordon theory on torus. We evaluate both the flux dependent persistent current ...

Added: February 9, 2015

Slunyaev A., Кокорина А. В., Water Waves, Springer 2019 P. 1-20

The issue of accounting of the wave breaking phenomenon in direct numerical simulations of oceanic waves is discussed. It is emphasized that this problem is crucial for the deterministic description of waves, and also for the dynamical calculation of extreme wave statistical characteristics, such as rogue wave height probability, asymmetry, etc. The conditions for accurate ...

Added: October 13, 2019

Marshakov A., Миронов А. Д., Морозов А. Ю., Journal of Geometry and Physics 2011 Vol. 61 P. 1203-1222

We present a summary of current knowledge about the AGT relations for conformal blocks with additional insertion of the simplest degenerate operator, and a special choice of the corresponding intermediate dimension, when the conformal blocks satisfy hypergeometric-type differential equations in position of the degenerate operator. A special attention is devoted to representation of conformal block ...

Added: February 28, 2013

Праздничных А. И., Glazov M., Ren L. et al., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2021 Vol. 103 No. 8 P. 085302-1-085302-12

The exciton valley dynamics in van der Waals heterostructures with transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers is driven by the long-range exchange interaction between the electron and the hole in the exciton. It couples the states active in the opposite circular polarizations resulting in the longitudinal-transverse splitting of excitons propagating in the monolayer plane. Here we study ...

Added: March 5, 2021

Pelinovsky E., Didenkulova I., Rybkin A., Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2014 Vol. 748 P. 416-432

We present an exact analytical solution of the nonlinear shallow water theory for wave run-up in inclined channels of arbitrary cross-section, which generalizes previous studies on wave run-up for a plane beach and channels of parabolic cross-section. The solution is found using a hodograph-type transform, which extends the well-known Carrier–Greenspan transform for wave run-up on ...

Added: November 19, 2014

Pelinovsky E., Kurkin A. A., Kozelkov A. et al., European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids 2018 Vol. 72 P. 616-623

The paper presents results of numerical simulations of freely rising solid spheres in a viscous fluid. The
diameter of spheres was 5 mm, 7 mm, 10 mm, and 20 mm, and the corresponding Reynolds numbers
varies in the interval 1400 < Re < 10100. It has been found that the free rise path varies, as the
Galileo number ...

Added: October 21, 2018

Bodrova A., Osinsky A., Brilliantov N. V., Scientific Reports 2020 Vol. 10 Article 693

We study analytically and numerically the distribution of granular temperatures in granular mixtures for
different dissipation mechanisms of inelastic inter-particle collisions. Both driven and force-free systems
are analyzed. We demonstrate that the simplified model of a constant restitution coefficient fails to
predict even qualitatively a granular temperature distribution in a homogeneous cooling state. At the
same time we reveal ...

Added: February 25, 2020

Min N., Younghun K., Scientific Reports 2018 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 16915-1-16915-18

Sequential state discrimination is a strategy for quantum state discrimination of a sender’s quantum
states when N receivers are separately located. In this report, we propose optical designs that can
perform sequential state discrimination of two coherent states. For this purpose, we consider not
only binary phase-shifting-key (BPSK) signals but also general coherent states, with arbitrary prior
probabilities. Since ...

Added: November 16, 2020

Budkov Y., Kolesnikov A., Polymer Science - Series C 2018 Vol. 60 No. Supplement 1 P. 148-159

Theoretical models of the conformational behavior of flexible polymer chains in mixed solvents enunciated in the world literature during the last decade are critically reviewed. Models describing different mechanisms of coil-to-globule transitions in a good solvent induced by cosolvent addition are highlighted. Special attention is given to the analysis of theoretical approaches to describing the ...

Added: November 30, 2018