Resourses of a “Conversation Partner” in Dialogical I-Other Relationship
Authors develop a new approach to study one’s relationships with others, which focuses on the conditions and the effects of dialogical nature of a person. Theoretical modeling, hermeneutics, qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. The solution for detecting the conditions of self-development and social positioning of a person, which are rooted in dialogical I-Other relationships are suggested. The originality of the paper is associated with describing the relation to the other as the reflexive I-Other relationship; with elaborated model that highlights how different dimensions of I-Other relationships (between I and Other, I-in-Other, Other-in-Me, I-in-Myself) leads to truly dialogical mode of being; with revealing the potentials of Conversation Partner in dialogical I-Other relationships (subjective interrelations and significance of Conversation Partners, their activity, fullness of reflection of significant Conversation Partners); with description of different hypostases of Conversation Partners (Real, Ideal, Secret, I as Myself) by the means of hermeneutics. “My Conversation Partner” method is also should be mentioned, as well as empirical study of existential and social resources of Conversation Partners. Theoretical background of the study is formed by the works of M.M. Bakhtin, M. Buber, M. Heidegger, J-P Sartre. E. Levinas, as well as by the works of modern psychologists such as G.M. Kuchinsky, A.V. Rossohin, E.B. Starovoytenko, Brown C.T.& Keller P.W., Hermans H.J.M., Rivetti Ваrbo F., etc. As the results of a current research have shown, the potentials of social adaptivity, affiliation, dominating, positive solitude, joy of solitude, freedom, self-transcendence, existential fulfillment are associated with the richness of one's Conversation Partners.