Spontaneous symmetry breaking and phase coexistence in two-color networks
We consider an equilibrium ensemble of large Erdos-Renyi topological random networks with fixed vertex ˝ degree and two types of vertices, black and white, prepared randomly with the bond connection probability p. The network energy is a sum of all unicolor triples (either black or white), weighted with chemical potential of triples μ. Minimizing the system energy, we see for some positive μ the formation of two predominantly unicolor clusters, linked by a string of Nbw black-white bonds. We have demonstrated that the system exhibits critical behavior manifested in the emergence of a wide plateau on the Nbw(μ) curve, which is relevant to a spinodal decomposition in first-order phase transitions. In terms of a string theory, the plateau formation can be interpreted as an entanglement between baby universes in two-dimensional gravity. We conjecture that the observed classical phenomenon can be considered as a toy model for the chiral condensate formation in quantum chromodynamics.