We introduce and study a semigroup structure on the set of irreducible components of the Hurwitz space of marked coverings of a complex projective curve with given Galois group of the coverings and fixed ramification type. As application, we give new conditions on the ramification type that are sufficient for irreducibility of the Hurwitz spaces, suggest some bounds on the number of irreducibility components under certain more general conditions, and show that the number of irreducible components coincides with the number of topological classes of the coverings if the number of brunch points is big enough.
In this paper a method of constructing a semiorthogonal decomposition of the derived category of G-equivariant sheaves on a variety X is described, provided that the derived category of sheaves on X admits a semiorthogonal decomposition, whose components are preserved by the action of the group G on X. Using this method, semiorthogonal decompositions of equivariant derived categories were obtained for projective bundles and for blow-ups with a smooth center, and also for varieties with a full exceptional collection, preserved by the action of the group. As a main technical instrument, descent theory for derived categories is used.