The article focuses on analysis of urban culture as a product of emotional capitalism. Visual consumption, aestheticization and iconic industry (i.e. tourism, photo, design and fashion) are considered as key features of the process of city culture development, in which economic and emotional discourses are closely interwined with each other. Taking into account the variety of process of city space emotionalization, the author of the article has limited her analysis to the aestheticization in form of diversification, militarization and domestication of city space.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.